Cold and flu, very common terms to be heard and then are not a single entity; they are different and have different methods of eradication. The two respiratory terms look quite similar in presentation, but belong to a different niche. Most believe flu to be a complicated form of cold due to their similar kind of clinical picture that erupts frequently in winters causing cough and throat issues. The following write-up is a concise text to educate every reader about the true essence of both and aid them with enough knowledge.
Length and severity of Cold and Flu
Cold is a lesser trivial throat infection that runs its course within 7 to 10 days and is usually ameliorated with home remedies, warmth, adequate covering and protection. It may arise in almost any season wherever the causative agent gets a loophole to evade.
Influenza on the other hand is a form of condition that may prove fatal if they remain unattended. It is a respiratory tract viral infection caused by the influenza virus causing a prolonged trouble of about 2 to 4 weeks.
Cold appears in the form of running nose, headache, mild fever alleviating with rest, whereas influenza runs a more impressive course with high fever, sneezing, running nose, tiredness, weakness, body ache and chest pains. The pains may be so marked that the patient may have to support the chest and then cough. The persistence and severity of the symptoms of both surely gives a clue to spot the difference between the two.
Course of Cold and Flu
As far as common cold is concerned, once established and cared upon timely and wisely, it shows the signs of improvement within days. Patient output and energy levels tend to rise with the each passing day. In case of influenza, there arises a short period of relief where one may feel that the things are getting back to normal but again the pneumonic respiratory troubles revert at once in severe degree. In case of children, parents must strictly follow up each phase and keep a track to control the issues.
People prone to Cold and Flu
Cold can almost happen to anyone in the vicinity of the agent, whereas influenza is particularly suspected in case of children with immature infrastructure, old people suffering some chronic ailment like a heart disease, cancer etc. Cigarette smoking, active or passive, air pollution also enhances the risk of developing influenza.
Treatment and prevention of Cold and Flu
As mentioned above, common cold is easy to cure even with homely measures while influenza needs more attention and care. The preventive measure for cold includes just cosy, warm and protected environment. As far as flu is concerned, the flu virus is highly adaptive and keeps coming back in newer forms, thus a vaccine is hard to develop. But the medicine field is still researching and assures to safeguard the people with newer vaccinations to each variable genre of the virus.
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