Smoking and Diabetes: Find the Connection

Smoking is hazardous for health and especially so for people suffering from Diabetes, according to the latest research. The nicotine present in the cigarettes may prove disastrous for patients of Diabetes.

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In a lab experiment researcher proved that nicotine was instrumental in increasing the blood sugar levels. The more the amount of nicotine in the blood the higher the blood sugar was recorded. High blood sugar level makes a person vulnerable to developing diseases like Kidney disease, eye disorders and of course Diabetes.

According to study author Xiao-Chuan Liu, an associate professor in the department of chemistry at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona, “Smoking is really harmful for people with Diabetes. It’s even more harmful to them than to a non-diabetic, this study should encourage people with Diabetes to quit smoking completely, and to realize that it’s the nicotine that’s raising [blood sugar levels].”

For this reason, it’s imperative to restrict the utilization of nicotine replacement products, like patches of nicotine, especially for people with Diabetes, said Liu.

“If you’re using them for a short period of time to quit smoking, that’s OK. But, if you still have this addiction to nicotine and are using this product long-term, it will do harm. Don’t use electronic cigarettes or nicotine gum for a long time. You need to stop nicotine intake,” he added.

This research is going to be presented by Liu on Sunday at an American Chemical Society meeting in Anaheim, California, USA.

It is already understood that smoking aggravated the chances of complications with other diseases in patients with Diabetes, what is yet to be found out is the particular constituent substance of cigarettes that leads to higher risks.

To find out if nicotine, a constituent component and an addictive substance of smoking did indeed increase blood sugar levels, Liu and his associates mixed similar amounts of glucose (sugar) to different samples of human red blood cells. They then added different levels of nicotine to these samples for either a day or two. This was then followed by measurement of A1 (HbA1C) levels in the samples. HbA1C is an indicator of the percentage of red blood cells that have glucose molecules attached to them. In patients with Diabetes it is advised that HbA1C level of 7 % is maintained, according to the guidelines framed by American Diabetes Association.

The researchers observed that nicotine caused the levels of HbA1C to increase. The smallest addition raised the HbA1C by 8.8 %. The maximum addition to the sample that was observed after two days of nicotine presence caused an increase in the blood sugar levels by 34.5 %.

“Nicotine is a toxic substance, and our results show that nicotine caused an increase in HbA1C,” said Liu. “This is important for the public to know, and for smokers to know. It’s not just the cigarette smoke. If you think you can just use a nicotine replacement product indefinitely, there’s still a risk, and your chances of getting complications will be a lot higher,” said Liu.

The research definitely proves that nicotine acts as a catalyst to increase the HbA1C levels in a laboratory, now is the time to check its work inside a human body according to Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. It is essential to find out if nicotine specifically raises blood sugar levels in smokers. He added, “Everybody — whether they have diabetes or not — should stop smoking. Patients with diabetes already have a much higher risk of cardiovascular disease, and smoking adds to that.”

According to him it was ok to use nicotine replacements for the duration of a month or two. “If nicotine replacement is used for a short period of time with smoking cessation as the goal, there’s no risk. But it’s not OK if someone plans to replace smoking with nicotine replacement products indefinitely,” Zonszein added.

Experts opined that any research presented at meetings is taken to be preliminary unless published in a peer reviewed journal. So there is much journey to be travelled before this research is accepted by the world.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Suffering from Insomnia? What “not” to do

Suffering from Insomnia? What "not" to do

Suffering from Insomnia? What “not” to do

Are you really frustrated due to your sleep routine- or more appropriately the lack of it? Well, the truth is that you are not the only one! Majority of the people all across the world experience Insomnia at some stage in their lives and approximately 10 percent of them exhibit symptoms of Chronic Insomnia. If you find yourself blankly staring at the walls at odd hours of the night, it’s high time you get the right information to fix your problem of Insomnia. Many people tend to make the below mentioned common mistakes while facing Insomnia that needs to avoided and require focusing on other things and activities:

 Constantly staying in the bed and staring at the ceiling

While suffering from Insomnia, you generally lie down in the bed and stare in the bed without enjoying the luxuries of sleep. But don’t remain in your bed for more than 15 minutes if sleep is evading you. Instead, leave your room and engage in something quite, like watching a boring television serial while sitting in a comfortable chair or reading. This will constantly remind your brain that your bed is meant to be slept in, not for lying awake and staring at the ceiling.

 Looking at the clock

When you experience Insomnia, you constantly look at the clock which reinforces the idea in your mind that you will never be able to get back to sleep and constantly suffer from Insomnia.

This may further frustrate you and make your anxious. Therefore, you need to either hide the clock under your bed, in the drawer or turn the clock towards your wall. This may make you forget that you are victim of Insomnia and you may even get blessed with some hours of peaceful sleep.

 Sitting under bright light

Bright light have the tendency to disrupt the production of mlatonin, which is a hormone regulating sleep in your brain. Therefore, when you experience Insomnia and decide to get up to read, watch, television or work on your computer, make sure that the reading light in dim.

Doing something stimulating

Insomnia often makes you do something stimulating like balancing your checkbook, solving an interesting puzzle to pass the time. But don’t engage in something stimulating as this may keep your mind alert and working. Instead, opt for anything that can give your brain a much needed break such as reading a boring book or watching a boring television serial.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Week 24 of pregnancy: Watch for any Premature Labor Signs

Week 24 of pregnancy: Watch for any Premature Labor Signs

Week 24 of pregnancy: Watch for any Premature Labor Signs

The title may have baffled you in the first instance, but yes it is true. Some of the would-be-mom are seen to go into premature labor. Further, one must be very cautious, particularly in summers as dehydrated is very common and studies reveal that dehydration may trigger premature labor.

Your body

If your pregnancy is going well then you have other milestones to think about. Let’s watch out for last week of second trimester landmarks:

Hair issue is another aspect of pregnancy often left untold. Many females report of abnormal hair growth over the areas like chin, chest, nipples, back and belly. Again it is the hormones responsible for the abnormal growth. Further, these hormones too delay the hair shedding cycles, so you will actually find a lesser or no hair fall in this period. So go ahead and flaunt those hefty dense scalp locks.

Remember waxing is a safe option, so you can go for it. But always maintain comfy positions and let the skin shine.

Weight gain

Baby is growing and you are gaining weight.

Your baby

Almost 600 grams and 12 inches long, the baby is fully developed lying upside down. You can even feel the kick now direct in your chest. The major landmarks here are the fully developed external and internal ear, where the baby can hear all and has a sense of balance too. Baby can hear all of it now, so pamper the little one with good music and vibes and beware of the fights or conflicts!

Moreover with the balancing sense, the baby can actually feel the upside position in which he / she may have to stay for the next 3 months.

Advice

Don’t ignore even a trivial symptom; talking to your doctor would be the right move. Try reading books over pregnancy and baby care from now on. You would be astonished to know the small steps that can make you and your baby’s life so easy, even in the crucial demanding stages such as labor.

Look out for ante natal yoga sessions: The book in a nice ventilated place under experienced hands to enjoy the benefits of ante natal yoga sessions. These will benefit and will prepare you all step in advance with correct scientific wisdom. Also ,do go with your partner as he can help you perform and practice every posture correctly. He too needs to know all, as on the D day he would be the only one in perfect health and sense among the family.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Why Men should check for Male Infertility?

Why Men should check for Male Infertility?

Why Men should check for Male Infertility?

Male infertility has been quite an interesting topic since ages. Though the traditional ways only considered the females responsible for the entire gestation and the process of the baby and kept the men aloof. Modern discoveries and findings do state there is an established place of the mother but males also have their role to play. Male infertility is definitely a cause for the childless curse that was earlier only limited to the female group.  For years and years a female was blamed upon for no reproduction, even when she was absolutely normal and suffers an issue of low sperm count intercourse. Statistics analysed worldwide put forth about 40 % of fertile issues arising from the male side and the next 40 % from the females and 10 % from both end flaws and the rest 10 % stays unknown with both partners healthy and fertile, but still not able to conceive the baby bliss.

Working in context with the male infertility, men should be analysed first on the infertility hassle.

Go for a semen analysis

Before moving any further, let’s first get to know what semen analysis is and its role in male infertility issues. The evaluation is a strict thorough of the ejaculate. Particularly the assessment is for the sperm count per milliliter of the ejaculation directly affecting the conception rate and thus male infertility.

The query

This section is elaborative and therefore should begin with men. The infertility is couple issue and must be investigated from the head to the toe to leave no hidden cause or obstacle to achieve the desired. But then many medicos recommend for male investigations first as they are less complicated, non invasive and simpler as compared to the female ones.

Make analysis simple

The word sounds very easy and swift, but it can give any guy goose bumps to drain its private excretions for estimations.  For obvious reasons no one can feel at rest when the most important asset is within everyone’s eyes. A doctor should try making him calm and should try evacuating the male infertility feeling as it may not be even there.

The samples must not be old then 30 minutes and should be preferably fresh. The container must be clean as an unclean one can lead to dilemma and ambiguous results.

What to look for?

For male infertility existence or non existence, there are few aspects that must be pondered, including:

  • Sperm count and structure as mentioned above is quite a significant finding. Sperms that are normal, motile enough and functional can only result in fruitful results. Ill structured sperms can never serve the needful. Further count is important as low level cannot stand the vagina and reach the ova to give a successful result.
  • pH level: the semen must be alkaline to neutralise the acidity and protect sperms and make their way steady.
  • Sugar levels: to sustain within the female vaginal tract, the semen must be enough with sugar to support sperms and in case it fails, the sperms will die off soon within the course.

The above is enough to educate all and make every couple realise its true worth. Once the reports show no male infertility, then the female must be approached for further tests.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

The “Health” aspect of high-tech gadgets

With the advent of the gadgets and new technologies, the life of all has drastically changed. Slowly and steadily our homes are all filled with gadgets and luxuries that have made daily chores and our lives quite easy and comfortable. All these gadgets definitely ensure advancements, but have you ever contemplated that we are forced to pay other forms of prices too, apart from their costs? This is due to the fact that these gadgets have opened gateways or set roots to many health issues. To top the category, there are pregnancy disorders and nerve disorders that have shown a striking rise in the past few decades with the advancing technology.

Electronic massagers and Health Issues

All the electronic massagers are considered to be bliss. These provide instant relaxation and are good stress busters. But studies reveal that these electronic massagers are an absolute no-no when it comes to pregnancy, as many pregnancy disorders, including abortion are caused due to their chronic soothing sensations.

Nerve disorders are another area to be well included in electronic massagers. The motions set in the machinery to improve circulation act same on all the surface areas, whether soft or hard and will also keep stimulating the nerve ends, altering their normal function of sensing issues.

Disruption in pain, heat and mechanical reception are seen to fall apart in the form of varied nerve disorders with electronic massagers. Manual massaging is quite an advantage, as here the chances of keeping a painful area away from the hard pressure is quite easy and also the chances of the nerve impression are too very rare.

Slimming belts and related health issues

With obesity becoming one of the major health issues among large portion of people all across the globe, the demand of slimming belts have skyrocketed.  Every person desire to shed off the flab as soon as possible and fit into those curvaceous clothes.

But these heat belts have adversely affected the very purpose of life; i.e. reproduction. Many pregnancy disorders have been reported with their parallel use and experts strictly advise expecting mothers to keep away from these luxuries. Weight gain is common and essential for healthy pregnancy. So if you are planning to get pregnant or are already in the phase of those beautiful nine months, then beware and keep pregnancy disorders far away from yourself and your new blooming life. Instead, in order to maintain a healthy body, you can go for walks and choose healthy diet when pregnant and not rely on these artificial aids. If you are not pregnant, then too instead of using these slimming, try jogging, and consuming a calorie strict diet. Also, these measures will not only bring in your weight within the right range, but will also assist mental health and keep issues like depression at bay.

Health hazards of Cell phones

It is a proven fact that nerve disorders have been in limelight with the continuous use of cell phones. Their chronic use has highlighted nerve damage. Holding the cell phones for longer hours reduces the blood flow to the forearm nerve leading to ulnar nerve disorders. Further, the radiations are seen to provoke nerve disorders as serious as epilepsy and hastened brain damage.

These so called life-easing gadgets may claim no side effects and only comfort, but they lead to varied health hazards. So, it is always advisable to choose the right path, take the advice of the health experts and ensure the usage of these gadgets with precaution.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

EHR Standards for India: A Move towards Integrated Indian Healthcare System

EHR Standards for India: A Move towards Integrated Indian Healthcare System

EHR Standards for India: A Move towards Integrated Indian Healthcare System

From the perspective of Indian Healthcare system, patients visit several health providers, throughout their life span, right from visiting a sub-center, community-center or primary-health center in rural setups, or a general practitioner in his local vicinity, to a government /private hospital or clinic at the district, city, state or central level. Health records get generated with every clinical encounter during these ambulatory, inpatient or emergency visits. However, most health records are either lost, or remain in the custody of health care providers and eventually get destroyed, as per the retention period of medical records generally followed by hospitals in the country i.e. for 5 years for out-patient records, and 10 years for in patient records. Medico legal records are however retained permanently. This is applicable to health care setups with a proper medical record department only. There may be negligible to no health records maintained by private practitioners, at clinic setups and by rural healthcare setups. A typical Indian patient with varying literacy and awareness level usually does not retain his clinical documents either. Medical record is the property of the hospital and ‘not’ of the patient, clinical department or care provider/s. The patient also has no proprietary right on his own clinical record today. What the patient carries with him is the discharge summary of his clinical encounter along with his investigation reports and usually radiology films/images. Also, important clinical data is not available for research and for reference to aide in clinical decision support. Study of disease trends and statistical analysis of clinical nature also suffers.

Due to these and many more reasons, having an EHR of a patient with health records of each clinical encounter at varying healthcare setups, be it government or privately owned, is ‘actually’ a dream come true for India. In the coming years, EHR of an Indian patient may even be accessible by care providers of other countries and vice versa, especially with the boom in global medical tourism trends.

As per the EHR standards released in August 2013 by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, ‘for creation of a true electronic health record of an individual it is imperative that all clinical records created by the various care providers that a person visits during his/her lifetime be stored in a central clinical data repository or at least be shareable through the use of interoperable standards. Adequate safeguards to ensure data privacy and security must strictly be adhered to at all times. Patients must have the privilege to verify the accuracy of their health data and gain access whenever they wish to do so’.2The EHR standards of India emphasize on ‘Patient’ as the authorized owner of his health data’. The standards aim to develop a system which would allow one to create, store, transmit or receive electronically, the ‘Electronic Protected Health Information (ePHI)’of a patient, using reliable media for data storage and transfer. EHRs can bring a patient’s complete health information together for supporting better clinical decisions, and more coordinated care amongst various care providers.

These standards emphasize the use of National UID or AADHAR number as the primary or secondary Unique Health Identifier (UHID) of a patient visiting a healthcare facility. The AADHAR number will serve as the unique patient identifier for all healthcare organizations across the nation. The other ID, may be used to identify the patient within the organization and as a reference in its EMR system. The EHR standards also define the Healthcare IT (HCIT) Standards applicable for India, besides the inclusion of National UID or AADHAR number. So, going forward, the AADHAR number will act as the unique identifier for the EHR of an Indian citizen, which will be a longitudinal health record of a citizen’s lifespan with several clinical encounters in different care settings.

Software companies who are looking at implementing their Healthcare Information Systems (HIS), EMR or EHR applications in India are working towards compliance with the EHR standards of India. Healthcare providers and organizations also, now, have a framework with guidelines, for effective implementation of these systems in their healthcare settings, right from choosing the right IT Infrastructure to selection of a modern HIS/EMR/EHR application with a futuristic design towards integrated healthcare for India. The basic idea of the EHR standards is to have a country wide rollout of EHR for all healthcare organizations and link it to the National UID of the patient (AADHAR). An article in Forbes India magazine stated that ‘with UID database residing in the cloud, even a rudimentary EHR linked to it and stored in the cloud along with critical information, say, about blood group, allergies, chronic illness, long term medication, etc. can go a long way not only in better healthcare delivery but even for gathering epidemiological data. Connecting rural and urban healthcare delivery systems through UID and EHR standards seems like a magnanimous task for now, but if given aggressive timelines and adequate impetus of implementation, will surely see the foreseen success.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Author: Ranjeeta Basra Korgaonkar

Week 23 of pregnancy: Keep off the Back Pain!

Week 23 of pregnancy: Keep off the Back Pain!

Week 23 of pregnancy: Keep off the Back Pain!

Sure with every progressing week, a mother will feel as if she is a princess being extraordinarily cared of. Most relatives and friends keep a check and call to ask for her well being. Soon to be a mother and pampered well, you have lots of reasons to savor the phase.

Your Body

Baby is making a steady progress in the abdomen and your gynecologist in each subsequent visit will try to feel and even measure the fundal height, distance from the pubic bone to the uterus and height in the abdomen.

Pregnancy is a package deal of love, affection, responsibilities and related symptoms. With increasing pressure from now on, you may begin to experience back issues. Backache is one of the commonest things to encounter with all gestational changes and weight. Here are some of the tips to avoid it:

  • Posture: The way a mother stands and sits makes a lot of difference.  A good posture allows the muscles to stay upright against gravity and let off the back strain.
  • Stand straight: Leaning or protruding belly will overstretch tissue leaving aching impression.
  • Lengthen your back: Held up against a wall with back touching the wall, tuck in your tummy and make the spine straight. Don’t worry, your tucking in is no problem as the baby is well cushioned. But in case you feel uncomfortable, then do take help of a medical expert in the initial phase.
  • Lie down more often on sides: Resting will help relieve the issues and make you escape the agony as soon as possible.
  • When lying straight: In case you prefer lying straight, then try placing a small towel or pillow beneath the curve of the back. When you lie down you must have observed hollow space so fill it up with a comfy support.

Also from now on, the uterine muscles may initiate contractions as a segment to prepare for the D day every now and then, also known as Braxton hicks contractions. These contractions are no harm to the baby, but are positive sign of progress.

Weight Gain

Don’t bother; it is all coming for good. But if you observe a sudden raise in weight, then you should immediately consult your doctor, as it may raise the chances of high blood pressure.

Your Baby

His /her tiny nails are all done. In total, your baby weighs a little more than half a kilogram.  Fat production is on a high and will keep this way for a while. Skin is turning lesser transparent and the baby is taking all body proportions now.

Exercises

Here, experts will recommend area specific exercises to tone and support the muscles so that they act positively during labor and don’t turn up as an obstacle.

Keep taking good nutritious meals with all your medications.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.