Plastic surgery is divided into two parts: reconstructive plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is related to improving the aesthetic look of an individual, whereas plastic surgery also includes reconstruction surgery and is associated with improving the functioning of the injured / diseased organ.
Many surgeons divide the cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery in totally different types of treatment or therapies and consider cosmetic surgery as non-essential, elective type of surgery which is mostly connected with psyche of the patient rather than the need of the body. The officials’ statistics of 2008 reveal that around 65000 cosmetic surgeries were carried out in United Kingdom. Some of the most popular type of cosmetic surgeries currently in vogue is face lifts, rhinoplasty involving nose job or reshaping of nose and liposuction. In USA, cosmetic surgery is more in demand than in any other country.
Types of cosmetic surgeries
Owing to the growing demand, the type of cosmetic surgeries has also evolved. This write-up will discuss some of the most common types of cosmetic surgeries:
Tummy tuck (Abdominoplasty)
This type of cosmetic surgery is done more to reshape and firm the abdomen. This surgery involves removing excessive skin and fat from the middle and lower part of the abdomen so that the muscle and abdominal wall fascia are tightened. This type of surgery is mostly preferred by women after pregnancy when their abdomen sags or protrudes. The sagging skin is at times a result of the genetic reasons. It is also done for improving stretch marks more so below the navel.
Breast enlargement (breast augmentation)
In this type of cosmetic surgery, the breasts are made bigger or enlarged. This is the most popular cosmetic surgery and is executed by grafting fat or by using saline or even silicone gel prosthetics. It is usually done for women who want bigger breasts or even have one breast smaller than the other. Breast augmentation is also done to improve the appearance of sagging breasts caused by pregnancy or breast feeding or in patients of breast cancer. Breast implants are available in various shapes, sizes and profiles.
Nose job (Rhinoplasty)
Here the cosmetic surgery is targeted to reshape the nose. This surgery is mostly performed by an otolaryngologist or maxillofacial surgeon who is a specialist to work on the head, neck, ear, nose and throat. The main motive of such surgery is to improve looks and even its function if the patient is suffering from breathing disorder. It is usually carried out along with the facelift.
This cosmetic surgery helps to remove wrinkles and make the patient look younger and beautiful. Excess skin on the face is removed without carrying out the process of tightening of the underlying skin. Face lifts are done in different ways, but the most common one is by making an incision in ear’s front that is continued into the hairline and then curves surrounding the ear’s bottom. Such types of facelifts are mostly opted by women who are above 35 years of age or by patients suffering from severe scars or burn marks.
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