Sexually transmitted diseases or more commonly known as STDs are the venereal diseases which have created a lot of uproar in the past two decades or so, owing to increasing cases of HIV and AIDS worldwide. Since sexual transmission is possible only through few reasons, it’s really a cause of concern as to how these STDs are increasing at such a rapid pace. What is more alarming is that the number is growing day by day and even teenagers are getting afflicted with the same. Many of such related diseases and STDs are fatal, while some have the tendency of recurrence with consistent frequency. So let’s find out the most common symptoms and types of STDs known to mankind.
Symptoms of STDs
The symptoms of STDs vary depending upon the type of etiology, but the most common within all STDs include soreness, itching, pain while urinating, unusual sores or lumps or abrupt genital discharge.
Types of STDs
Some of the most common STDs are:
Bacterial Vaginosis or BV is caused due to the imbalance of the bacterial count within the vaginal tract. Although this STD is not too harmful and even do not get diagnosed, it many times create a peculiar fishy smelling discharge which is unpleasant. This disease is not considered strictly an STD and is certainly not transmitted through intercourse, but it aggravates in women who are very active sexually. Although BV does not pass during sexual intercourse, it can lead to infection in fallopian tubes or uterus. The treatment includes vaginal cream or antibiotics.
Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial STDs and is caused due to the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. The primary locations to get infected with this form of STD include urethra, eyes and rectum of both male and female and also cervix. If these STDs are not treated early, it can cause fertility issues in females. Here, Chlamydia is passed on to the other sex during any genital contact or sexual intercourse with already infected reproductive organs. The symptoms of this STD start surfacing from 1 to 3 weeks of infliction.
Crabs or Pubic Lice
This condition or STD is also termed as crab louse or enlargement of Phthirus pubis. The pubic lice or crabs are very tiny crab shaped parasites that attach to the skin surface and suck blood.
They are present on the coarse hair of the body, mostly in pubic hair, but sometimes can also be present under the armpit, facial hair or even on those envious thick eyelashes. These lice are mostly yellowish to grey in color and make use of claws for gripping hair. These crabs are mostly passed during sex. However, they are also transmitted through clothes or sleeping with person having the STD. The symptoms of this STD are usually detected after 5 days to 7 weeks from infection.
Some other STDs are genital warts, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis, Herpes, Molluscum contagiosum, Scabies, Syphilis and Thrush. All of these STDs are caused due to unprotected sexual intercourse. Thus, to keep them distant, one must always have some physical barrier or use safety measures like condoms.
STDs can even prove to be fatal and have various physical and psychological affects on the victims. Therefore, its always better to keep these STDs at bay by taking the precautionary measures and lead an STD-free and healthy life.
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