The initial symptoms of kidney disease are so subtle that one may spend years without finding it out. Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) does not change into Kidney failure overnight, it usually takes a long course spanning years. With proper management CKD can be successfully stopped from becoming fatal for Geriatrics.
As mentioned earlier one should know that one is suffering from CKD to manage it effectively. For this that one pays attention to the first beginning signs of CKD. We are enumerating below ten possible symptoms of CKD. If you spot any of the following in yourself or your acquaintance, it is best to consult a doctor immediately to find out the best course of action.
Symptom 1: Urine trouble
Kidneys are responsible for the formation of urine, with a weakening kidney the urine is bound to show changes like:
- Urge to urinate at night
- Foamy or bubbly urine
- Increase in frequency of urination or in larger amounts of pale coloured urine OR decrease in frequency of urination and dark coloured urine
- Presence of blood in the urine
- Difficulty in the process of urination
Symptom 2: Swelling
A functionally impaired kidney is not able to effectively remove excess fluids from the body, causing accumulation of fluids that lead to swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, hands, and/or face.
Symptom 3: Tiredness
Kidneys are responsible for the formation of hormone erythropoietin. This hormone propels the body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. The production of erythropoietin reduces in a failing kidney thereby decreasing red blood cells which means there are lesser number of red blood cells to transport oxygen, making the muscles and brain tire quickly. This condition is referred to as Anemia medically and is curable with treatment.
Symptom 4: Un-easiness and itching
Kidneys filter the waste from the body a weak kidney is unable to effectively remove wastes from the blood, causing a build up of waste that can cause skin rashes, itchiness or uneasiness.
Symptom 5: Ammonia breath or metallic residue in the mouth
As mentioned earlier a failing kidney can cause a collection of waste in the blood, called uremia. This uremia can cause bad breath and metallic taste in the mouth. The suffering individual might also feel a loss of appetite because of this condition.
Symptom 6: Vomiting and nausea
The build up of waste in the blood can also cause sensation of vomiting and nausea in the patient, leading to a consequent loss of appetite and losing weight.
Symptom 7: Short breath
The water build up in the body can collect in the lungs making breathing difficult or shortage of oxygen carrying red blood cells can also make a person short on breath.
Symptom 8: Cold sensation
Anemia will make the person feel the cold severely, to the extent that the person may be cold even in a warm room.
Symptom 9: Shorter concentration levels and dizziness
A failing kidney means the body is not getting adequate amounts of oxygen carrying red blood cells; this can lead to trouble remembering things, lower levels of concentration and feeling of dizziness.
Symptom 10: Pain in the legs/flank
The back side of the affected kidney at times becomes painful in certain patients.
If you spot any of the above mentioned symptoms, take care to consult a doctor immediately, lest it becomes a fatal problem for geriatric years later.
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