Recommended Dietary Supplements for the Elderly

Recommended Dietary Supplements for the Elderly

Recommended Dietary Supplements for the Elderly

Dietary supplements are meant to provide the additional nutrients that the daily diet might miss. Dietary supplements usually contain different proportions of vitamins, herbals, enzymes, minerals, fatty and amino acids, animal extracts and botanicals. These dietary supplements are available in different types like tablets, pills, capsules, liquid or powder, dried ingredient or concentrate. These dietary supplements should not be mistaken as compensating for daily diet, they are just additional nutrients required for the body for proper functioning.

Till date dietary supplements have not been classified as medication or drugs. In absence of this classification their effectiveness and safety is not regulated or approved by the government. Care and caution needs to be practised when taking theses dietary supplement for the elderly. They should not be taken unless prescribed by a physician, as any overdose has the potential to cause harm to the body, even the seemingly harmless dietary supplements like vitamin A and D fortified cereals and drinks. Any consumption of theses nutrients greater than their recommended daily value (DV) is not considered safe and can create havoc with your medication. So it is better never to but these over the counter nutrients without the advice of a qualified medical practitioner.

Given below is a list of few nutrients in dietary supplements together with function and intake.

Vitamin D: The elderly are often unable to spend enough time in the sun, making their skin unable to synthesize this nutrient causing its deficiency. Moreover Vitamin D synthesis needs the presence of Vitamin A, phosphorus and calcium and this synthesis can be impaired by intake of certain antibiotics, laxatives, mineral oil and alcohol. The ideal advised required Vitamin D in a person is 600 IU per day and any dose above 200 IU should be taken under supervision by a qualified medical practitioner. A deficiency in this vitamin can cause muscle and bone weakness, and Osteomalacia.

Calcium: This nutrient is essential to maintain the health of teeth and bones and regulate muscle and nerve function. It is also needed for blood clotting and for monitoring blood pressure and enzymes. Phosphorus, vitamin D and magnesium are needed for the absorption of calcium on the body and the process can be inhibited by alcohol consumption, oxalic acids in the chocolates, excess salt, phosphorus and protein intake, and B complex pills. Defeciency of this nutrient can cause conditions like Osteoporosis, muscle spasms, cramps, Joint pain, high blood pressure and heart palpitation. An elderly person can consume 1000-1200 mg of calcium per day.

Folate: Folates together with vitamin B12 are required for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Folates help in the production of RNA and DNA proteins. Folates require vitamins like B6, B12 and C for its absorption in the body. The elements that can impair its absorption are alcohol consumption, analgesics like aspirin, anticonvulsants, acidic or heat exposure. Inadequate intake of folate can cause Anemia, depression, problems in nerves, an cardiovascular conditions. An elderly person can tale maximum up to 400 ug of folate every day.

Vitamin B12: Also called Cobalamine, this nutrient is needed for the formation and regeneration of red blood cells and for a healthy well functioning nervous system. Any deficiency in this vitamin can lead to problems in the nerves or Anemia. An elderly person requires 2.4 ug of this vitamin everyday.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

 

Freedom from Arthritis pain: “Joint effort” of mind and medicines

Freedom from Arthritis pain: “Joint effort” of mind and medicines

Freedom from Arthritis pain: “Joint effort” of mind and medicines

Arthritis limits the mobility, makes even the simplest of chores difficult, is highly painful and can have serious consequences for the person who has become a victim of this condition and her family as well. But, you can prevent Arthritis to a great extent by ensuring the intake of nutritious supplements, weight control techniques and adding yoga and exercises in your daily activity. At the first stab of pain in the joint, immediately visit a doctor, get yourself examined and start the medication, before Arthritis gets a chance to hamper your lifestyle and wellbeing.

Listed below are the warning signals you must always keep a keen eye on:

“Aaah”! The female secretary of a multi national company lifts her palm off her keyboard to crack her aching fingers and suddenly realize that there is a swelling in the joint of her thumb.

“Ouch”! An elderly homemaker prepares the meal holding her lower back and breathing deeply, wishing for the sharp pain to go away!

“Ohhh”! A lean woman climbing up the stairs with loads of bricks and suddenly pauses on the midway and clutches his aching knees.

A student keeps on rubbing her aching wrists and wondering: Why is it paining?

Do you encounter similar pains and aches in your joints, knees and wrists? Then, immediate diagnosis is required as you may have already become a victim of Arthritis or are in the early stages. The generic name for approximately 100 conditions and diseases affecting the joints and its surrounding tissues and the cause of swelling and joint tenderness and moderate to severe pain, Arthritis can shackle anyone irrespective of their age, race or gender!

According to a study, the cases and incidence of Rheumatoid Arthritis is rising rapidly among women. P.V. Jayashankar, president, Tamil Nadu Orthopedic Association agrees that the number of women with the issues of arthritis have elevated, though there is no statistics to actually prove it.

So, who among the women are more prone to getting their medical report stamped with the word “Arthritis” on it? The one, who leads a sedentary lifestyle, lacks physical activity, are obese, have been previously diagnosed with inflammatory arthritis and has hypothyroidism or diabetes. Also, those with a family history or osteoporosis, addicted to smoking and drinking and post-menopausal women are at risk of Arthritis. The side effects of glucocorticoid medications can also result in Arthritis.

Are you ignoring your back and knee pain or a twinge in your joints? People generally apply a pain balm or massage the aching areas with oils to assuage the pain. But, Dr. Jayashankar clearly points out that pain relievers and oil massages will temporarily relieve the pain and the actual treatment must be based on the degree of the inflammation and joint wear and tear.

The difficulty in walking, climbing stairs, bending or sitting will determine the level of treatment. If your condition is found to be in the early stages, you might be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs along with physiotherapy or steroids and injections (cartilage protective agents). Surgery is suggested in the intermediary stages and in the severest stage; joint replacement or arthroscopic procedures might be recommended.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Popping a Pain Killer by Pregnant Women-Harmful for the Unborn Child

Popping a Pain Killer by Pregnant Women-Harmful for the Unborn Child

Popping a Pain Killer by Pregnant Women-Harmful for the Unborn Child

It’s common for pregnant woman to get tension headaches, especially in their first trimester. The experts cannot specify any particular reason for the headaches among women while carrying the child; but the most common reason cited by them is the hormonal free-for-all that goes around in their body. So, is there any association between pregnancy and painkillers? Other crucial reasons for the headaches include huger, dehydration, depression, eyestrain, allergies, sinus congestion, fatigue or simply lack of proper sleep. What step do the pregnant women take to get relief from their headaches? The answer is pretty obvious: They take painkillers.

Recent Research – Pregnancy and Painkillers

A recent research has cautioned all the pregnant women to think before simply taking the painkillers to relieve themselves from the headaches. They can actually place their unborn sons at risk of fertility problems after consuming painkillers like ibuprofen, aspirin and paracetamol. The findings of the study, published in Europe’s leading reproductive medicine journal, Human Reproduction, enlightened that the prolonged usage of the above mentioned medicines may prove to be harmful in the development of the unborn boys’ sex organs.

Approximately half of the pregnant women take painkillers to assuage their headaches. But with the use of these drugs they are unknowingly increasing the risks of their unborn sons in having undescended testicles which can eventually result in poor sperm quality and testicular cancer in their later years.

There are times when the pregnant women for instant relief gulp down more than one variety of painkillers. This may ease their pain substantially, but simultaneously increase the risk for their child seven folds! The most vulnerable stage for the pregnant women is considered to between her fourth and sixth month pregnancy period. During this period consuming one painkiller doubled the overall risk in comparison to the pregnant women who didn’t take any painkillers. The study shockingly indicated that Paracetamol increased the risk twice, while aspirin or ibuprofen multiplied its four-folds. The most detrimental results were noticed when two painkillers were consumed simultaneously which increased the risk sixteen-folds.

The Scientists are of the opinion that along with the exposure in the womb to chemicals present in the environment, the painkillers may be the vital reason behind the increment in male reproductive disorders observed in the past decades.

Dr Henrik Leffers, senior scientist at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, who headed the research, said, “If exposure to endocrine disruptors is the mechanism behind the increasing reproductive problems among young men in the Western World, this research suggests that particular attention should be paid to the use of mild analgesics during pregnancy, as this could be a major reason for the problems.”

He even suggested the pregnant women to avoid or reduce their dosage of painkillers. Majority of the manufacturers of aspirin and ibuprofen even advise the pregnant women not to take the painkillers to avoid any adverse effect on their unborn child. Actually the second stage of pregnancy is most crucial and is the final stage of testes development where the chances of disruption are enhanced. So, as all “would-be” mothers desire their baby to be healthy and fit, it’s always better to avoid the painkillers or just take it occasionally with proper medical advice.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

 

Sleep Deprivation and Health- Any Connection?

sleep-deprivation-and-health-any-connection

sleep-deprivation-and-health-any-connection

Sleep, just the mention of the word itself brings smiles on the faces of all! Who doesn’t love to sleep? But are you aware of the benefits of timely and adequate sleep and the harm that sleep deprivation can cause on your health? Sleep imparts energy, rejuvenates our system to perform our daily tasks with renewed energy and remain active throughout the day. Though the studies on the effect of sleep deprivation on the body’s work mechanism still doesn’t cover all the aspects, but it is a proven fact that the effects can’t be sidelined. Sleep is not just a resting phase, but a phase where one holistically gathers the energy and the zeal lost during the entire day.

Further, sleep deprivation has direct effects on our health and even an hour less sleep can make one agitated and loses the power of concentration. For instance, a small change in the night sleep due to the cries of the newborn can turn the entire working upside down of the baby’s parents. It may sound trivial but sleep deprivation has huge effects.

Sleep deprivation and mental peace

These two terms are so intricately correlated that their importance can be easily felt. If we are deprived of sleep, our brain will not get enough time to reenergize and thus, our daily chores will be greatly hampered. Irritability, inattentiveness, no focus, fatigue, lassitude, tiredness are few conditions that may result from an acute lack of sleep. With deprived sleep on chronic basis, mood disorders, depression, alcohol abuse, anxieties usually occur and they are serious issues. The sleep quantity and quality both should be proper to maintain the right function of the mind and the body.

Sleep deprivation and weight gain

One may feel it quite surprising to know, but sleep has shown direct links with weight issues. Recent studies clearly reveal that people who get adequate sleep tend to crave food less than sleep deprived people. Also under strict diet vigilance, the well slept people show much more reduction in fat content as compared to the lesser sleeping ones.

Sleep deprivation, diabetes and hypertension

With years of studies, it has been concluded that people who sleep less are more likely to develop the lifestyle disorders like diabetes, hypertension and blood pressure in comparison to the adequately sleeping ones.

Sleep deprivation and stress

The terms sleep and stress form a vicious cycle where stress doesn’t let one sleep and its lack in turn adds more to the stress levels. Here, the condition tends to deteriorate to the level that the sleep deprived person may not be even able to undertake their normal activities. The condition turns worse with social inhibition, self brooding and increasingly rising gloominess all around.

Sleep deprivation and substance abuse

Many a times, it is observed that people in order to get some sleep take the help of addictives, such as alcohol or sleeping pills. The stimulants may be useful in the initial stages, but with their continuous use, they can trigger insomnia and other health issues.

Ways to healthy sleep and elimination of sleep deprivation

Sleep can even be termed as a form of bliss and one ensure that they are never sleep deprived. Given below are some tips to get rid of insomnia and rest the night with sound sleep:

  • Breathing exercises: whenever one fails to fall asleep, trying a breathing technique instantly is a wise idea. Breathing practice for 5 to 7 minutes can work wonders and relax the sensory organs. Further their practice within the day time calms the senses and reduces the stress levels. The tactic stimulates the feel good factors and eliminates the risks of sleep deprivation.
  • Include some physical activity
  • No caffeine intake at least 3 to 4 hours before the bedtime as the neural stimulant can leave you awake for long and lead to sleep deprivation.
  • Eat balanced diet
  • Also avoid excess water intake just before the bedtime, as getting up at night can disturb the senses heedlessly.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

Born with Pregnancy Disorders

Born with Pregnancy Disorders

Born with Pregnancy Disorders

Have you ever come across a family where each member has same eye color or some other physical attributes, like more than average tallness or shortness, chubbier cheeks or similar other features? We carry set of genes in our chromosomes that embed typical qualities which are passed on from one generation to the other, from parents to their children. We all

know that daughters learn many habits and rituals from their mother and even through observation some disciplines are passed on to them. Be it maintaining the house or creating a special recipe, in various activities, mother’s presence is reflected in daughter’s activities.
Likewise, mothers and daughters have some similarities with regards to their menstruation period, menopause age, symptoms and pregnancy disorders. Although some or the other pregnancy disorders are common, many find their roots deep down to the genetic inheritance. Some of the most common pregnancy disorders usually passed on by mothers to the daughter is discussed as under:
Nausea or vomiting
Early morning sickness or nausea is a common condition amongst many pregnant women, especially during the initial three months of pregnancy. But significantly not all mothers face such problem during the pregnancy. Usually, nausea or morning sickness pregnancy disorder is passed on by mothers to their daughters. Even real sisters have been known to have similar pregnancy disorders as they are of one womb with a more or less similar genetic background.
Spotting
Spotting when happens for the first time during the initial stages of pregnancy really frightens the would-be mother. But if she has already consulted her own mother, then she can rest assured that such symptoms are normal during pregnancy. Spotting is pink or brownish blood which is shed during the pregnancy by the body. This kind of pregnancy disorder trait is many a times carried forward from mother to her daughter. But this disorder should never be taken lightly and must always be discussed with the doctor to differentiate between the normal spot or an indication of a mishap underneath.
Diabetes
Many times even though the pregnant woman in normal conditions does not have diabetes, her body shows diabetic symptoms during pregnancy. Diabetes has been found to be one of the major genetic disorders to sum under the pregnancy disorders category. It’s a known fact that a woman with diabetes during pregnancy has chances of having Type II diabetes later in her life. Similarly, the child of such a mother too faces the risk of Type II diabetes in the future. So it’s but natural that if a mother had diabetic pregnancy disorder, daughter too during her pregnancy is likely to suffer from such pregnancy disorders.
Hypertension
Hypertension during pregnancy is on the rise lately. High blood pressure tends to affect the health of the fetus and can also lead to serious consequences. Hypertension too has been found to have roots in the genetic combination and is carried from mother to daughter during pregnancy and shape up as a major pregnancy disorder.

Other pregnancy disorders which can be inherited are hyper emesis gravidarum (excessive / out of proportion vomiting during pregnancy) and thallassemia (a genetic blood disorder / trait).
Owing to such complications, a gynecologist advises various sugar and blood tests during pregnancy. High blood sugar can result in very enlarged and abnormal baby whereas hypertension can result in miscarriage, premature delivery and stress on the fetus.

All the above mentioned pregnancy disorders needs proper care and medical attention. Due to this it is important to take into account the family history during pregnancy and keep the odd pregnancy disorders at bay!

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

 

Pregnancy after 40- Fraught with dangers

Pregnancy after 40- Fraug

Pregnancy after 40- Fraug

What is the right age for pregnancy? Medically speaking it is anywhere from the twenties to early thirties. But today we find more women delaying motherhood trying first to establish their careers thereby increasing the number of late pregnancies.

Pregnancy after 40 years of age is fraught with dangers for both the mother and the child, is something we all knew but the fact has been now again re-established by a recent Israeli research especially for women over the age of 45.

Previous research on risks and complications related to pregnancy in older women focused on those between the ages 35 to 40, and nothing was known about pregnancy after 40.

This research aimed to find out the complications associated with pregnancy after 40 years. The research team observed women of different ages who gave birth in a local hospital during the years 2000 and 2008. This included 80,000 women among whom 177, that is, only 2 percent where over the age of 45.

Most of these women over the age of 45 had got pregnant using donor eggs. Cesarean section delivery was preferred by the majority of this group, which was more than twice the overall rate in the total 80,000 women.

The pregnancy after 40 also put the women at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy apart from other more serious complications like pre-term births and placenta previa.

In Placenta previa the placenta tends to block the mouth of the birth canal and Preterm birth means delivering the baby before the average 40 weeks of pregnancy.

9 percent of the older pregnant women reported high blood pressure and 17 percent were diabetic during pregnancy as compared to 6 percent diabetics in younger women.

6 percent of the older women suffered from placenta previa, approximately six times the overall rate, and more than one in five women had a preterm birth.

Among the 27 women who were more than 50 years of age, the reported incidences of preterm birth were even higher.

Fever and severe bleeding after birth were the two other common complications observed, and also their babies were more likely to land in the intensive care unit or stay in the hospital longer. What was a more worrying trend that around 4 percent of these babies who were conceived at pregnancy after 40 suffered from metabolic problems like low blood pressure in comparison to a mere 2 percent of babies of younger women.

This research is a first of its kind focusing on the birth complications in women at extremely advanced maternal age and pregnancy after 40. Earlier studies have reported older mothers facing more complications and yet others did not find any difference. But the latest research found the women over 45 years of age at a higher risk of developing birth related complications.

Many health experts state that increasing age leads to less (healthy) individuals, and less healthy individuals and pregnancy after 40 do have higher pregnancy risks. It is not the age of the women that creates the trouble, rather the fact that the older people get more vulnerable and disease prone and the potential to complicated pregnancies also increases.

Assisted reproductive technologies, such as the use of donor eggs in case of pregnancies of older women is also a good option for pregnancy after 40 as these pregnancies may be healthier than using their own eggs which might have more genetic abnormalities.

All in all pregnancy after 40 does not seem to be a very safe option neither for the mother nor the child. Therefore, advice of experts is always required to go ahead with the pregnancy after 40.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.

 

Healthy Habits for a Happy Old Age

Healthy Habits for a Happy Old Age

Healthy Habits for a Happy Old Age

Old age does not mean that one cannot remain healthy. Given below are a few tips which will not alter the course of ageing but also help seniors remain fit as a fiddle.

Drink adequate amount of water: Water will not only help keeping the body clean of toxins but also keep your heart beating well. It will protect the body from chances of developing kidney stones and urine problems and make your skin glow naturally.

Regular Exercises: There is nothing like physical activity to keep you going up and about. Exercise will not only help you look and feel younger, it will also make you live longer and healthier. Endurance exercises are essential for you irrespective of the age you are in whether 30th, 60th or 90th decade of your life. There is nothing that can replace good old exercise, when it comes to keeping old age at bay. A research from Tel Aviv University revealed that endurance exercises like jogging or spinning can make a major positive difference in the way we look. Exercise helps un-lock the muscle stem cells, increasing their number bettering their capacity to rejuvenate older muscles. Another thing that endurance exercise does is to increase the levels of ‘spontaneous locomotion.’ This is the feeling that gets our bodies moving. Old age is typically associated with lower levels of ‘spontaneous locomotion.’

Balanced diet: No one can deny the role of a well balanced diet in maintaining health in old age. High calorific food like sweets, fried and junk food should be avoided. It is advised that one should increase the uptake of calcium enriched food with age to strengthen bones. Fruits, vegetables and greens should also be added to your daily diet.

Recreational activities: Depression due to social isolation and low income are commonly associated with old age. This has an adverse affect on health. The best way to combat loneliness in old age is to engage in as many recreational activities as possible to keep oneself occupied and happy.

Brain exercises: People in old age should try to keep their brains agile by constantly participating in mind stimulating activities like writing, reading, solving puzzles, learning new skills, playing games like chess, etc.

Regular vision and auditory tests: An ideal anti-ageing plan comprises of regular sight and hearing tests by specialists. Vision deterioration related to old age like Glaucoma, Cataract and Muscular degeneration can be successfully treated if diagnosed early. Hearing loss happens to be the third most common chronic illness suffered by the old age seniors leading to depression, social isolation and cognitive decline. Ways to protect from old age associated eye conditions are to wear sunglasses, quit smoking, regulating blood pressure and sugar levels and keeping the right weight. It is advised to use ear plugs if in a place full of noise in order to safeguard them.

Regulating BP: Old age seniors especially those in their 70’s and above should take great care to keep their blood pressure and sugar levels under control. If required take medication to regulate and maintain them.

Sound Sleep: No more and no less than six hours of sleep is necessary for a healthy old age. Sleep deprivation can lead to increase in weight, high blood pressure, cholesterol and Type 2 Diabetes.

For more information visit us http://www.healthfore.com/. HealthFore Technologies Limited is a global healthcare IT solutions and advisory services company. Our patient-centric healthcare solutions focus on wellness, preventive care and condition management. Our information and health advisory services ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We create mass awareness to improve the quality of life through self-care.